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Central limit teorem animation in R

01 May 2016 . category: R . Comments
#R #Animation #Plot

I am not a matematician. I have, however, to teach my students about some important teorems in our statistics course. One of this teorems is the Central Limit Teorem.

I ussually do this using an animation I created using the R package ‘animation’. The code goes:

#you need the package animation

#sample 15 data points from a gamma with shape=1 and scale=1

#sample 15 data points from a gamma with shape=3 and scale=1

  #animation options
  for(i in 1:ani.options("nmax")){
    #split the layout in four
    #plot the generating distributions
    plot(function(x) dgamma(x, 1, 1), 0, 10, main="Gamma(shape=1,scale=1)", ylab="Density", xlab="Size", col="dark green", lwd=2)
    plot(function(x) dgamma(x, 2, 1), 0, 10, main="Gamma(shape=3,scale=1)", ylab="Density", xlab="Size", col="dark blue", lwd=2)
    #plot the histograms of the means of the sampled values
    hist(meanVector1, main="Histogram of means from gamma(1,1)")
    hist(meanVector2, main="Histogram of means from gamma(3,1)")
    #sample again and append the value to the corresponding vector
    meanVector1<-c(meanVector1, mean(rgamma(15,1,1)))
    meanVector2<-c(meanVector2, mean(rgamma(15,3,1)))
}, interval=0.2, movie.name = "Central_Teorem.gif", ani.width=800, ani.height=600)

you will have an animated gif (i.e. Central_Teorem.gif) looking like this:



Sergio Vargas. Assistant professor at the LMU München. Working with octocorals, sponges and cyanobacteria.